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Professor dr. Arnold B. Bakker; Professor of Work and Organizational Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Past President of EAWOP.

Flow during Soccer

[ 16-03-2011 ] Flow during SoccerA recent study examined the relationship between environmental resources (autonomy, social support from the coach, and performance feedback), ?ow, and performance among young talented soccer players.

The design was non-experimental and involved both self- and coach-rated reports of environmental resources, ?ow experiences, and performance. Both soccer players (N=398) and coaches of 45 talented soccer teams in The Netherlands ?lled out a questionnaire. Soccer players answered questions about environmental resources, ?ow and performance during a particular match. In addition, coaches rated the performance of every player in the team during the same match.

Results of multilevel analyses showed that ?ow at the team level is higher when the match results in a draw or win than when the match results in loss. Moreover, environmental resources and particularly performance feedback and support from the coach predicted ?ow during the soccer game, which, in turn, was positively related to self- and coach-ratings of performance.

Conclusions: The ?ndings support the ?ow literature and the input-process-output model of team performance, and they indicate that common-method variance cannot account for the ?nding that the environment of soccer players facilitates ?ow and indirectly performance.

See Articles (in press) for a detailed description of this study.

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